Flower: Staminate flowers borne on catkins. Pistillate flowers borne on spikes. Appears with the leaves.
Fruit: Acorns are 1/2 inch long, orange-brown and pubescent. The cap covers less than 1/3 of the nut and is quite thin and flattened. Cap scales are appressed and slightly pubescent. Matures after two years, ripens in September or October.
Twig: Reddish-brown in color, may be gray-pubescent (particularly stump sprouts) or glabrous. Multiple terminal buds are dark red, pubescent, pointed and only 1/8 to 1/4 inch long. Laterals are similar, but shorter.
Bark: Dark in color, thick, with broad, scaly ridges separated by deep, narrow furrows. Resembles Q. velutina, but the inner bark is only slightly yellow.
Form: A medium-sized tree with a short trunk and large branches supporting a rounded crown.
Copyright (c) 2001 Santee-Wateree Resource Conservation and Development Council.
This page was last updated on October 29, 2001.